Cognitive Sensory Memory   Leave a comment


Does cognitive memory produce patterns of behavioral changes for lifelong learning?

According to Lamb, R. (2011), “Lifelong learning is not determined by where you learn, but how. It can be best defined as “a cognitive process by which [adults] continue to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes over their behaviors and environmental contexts can enhance their cognitive functioning and development in adulthood and old age.” (p. 1). Cognitive skills  are based on the ability to store and recall information. Cognitive memory features sensory input patterns which could be auditory, visual, tactile etc. It uses an autoassociative neural network critical role in memory retrieval to match up prior experiences.

From this perspective Shuell (1986) commented “…there is a change in a person’s behavior or ability, the change is the result of experience or practice, and the change is persistent (Bowman, Frame, & Kennette, 2013). Learning involves a transformation of the information processing system to reflect an improvement in performance or skills” (Langley & Simon, 1981, as cited Bowman, Frame, & Kennette, 2013, p. 9). It is through our sensory memory which begins with patterns that flow into our short term memory for a few milliseconds into our conscious memory and then a decision of whether to transfer the new information long term memory or discard is made. If an adult learner is familiar with the configurations, the new patterns become interesting and stored away for future use changing the reflection on the pattern for example, problem solutions are can be stored a lifetime as patterns in memory while changing the learner.

Changes in behavior does happen for lifelong learners because of cognitive memory producing patterns as we take in information through sensory input. It is these patterns which create  cognitive memory in which to learn, grow, and change.

The information I found in the articles fits with my learner profiles and my research question, Does cognitive memory produce patterns of behavioral changes for lifelong learning?

My first profile is of a male server in a restaurant and the second is on a male contractor. Both utilize their cognitive skills in their profession. Cognitive memory helps the adult learners gain new information based on sensory memory for instance, in which tools are necessary for a task or hearing what specials are on the menu to inform the customer.

hand_rightReferences

(Bowman, M., Frame, D., & Kennette, L. (2013). Enhancing Teaching and Learning: How Cognitive Research Can Help. Journal On Excellence In College Teaching, 24(3), 7-28. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.esc.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=6&sid=60c2b8ca-4c75-45e9-9b5b-9dd6be3058dc%40sessionmgr198&hid=4208

Lamb, R. (2011). Lifelong Learning Institutes: The Next Challenge. LLI Review, 61-10. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.esc.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=9536cb30-621c-4ba6-850d-c0f69acd274f%40sessionmgr110&hid=107

Image: http://expertlearners.com/images/cip_diagram.gif

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